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Table 5 Age-adjusted partial correlations among cognitive measures in the sample with DS

From: Development and validation of the Arizona Cognitive Test Battery for Down syndrome

Measure Hippocampal Prefrontal Cerebellar
CANTAB PAL Computer generated arena CANTAB IDED Dots inh. Dots comb. CANTAB simple RT NEPSY VP
Hippocampal
 CANTAB PAL first trials completed 0.31+ −0.32** 0.44*** 0.26+ −0.41** 0.49**
 Computer generated arena   −0.02 0.20 0.01 −0.13 0.42**
Prefrontal
 CANTAB ID/ED errors    −0.45*** −0.38** 0.18 −0.27
 Modified dots task inhib. control phase percent correct     0.46*** −0.38** 0.55***
 Modified dots task combined phase percent correct      −0.40** 0.33+
Cerebellar
 CANTAB simple RT median corr. latency (ms)       −0.21
 NEPSY visuomotor Precision total score       
  1. Finger sequencing was not compared to the other measures as too few subjects were tested on the computerized version to validate
  2. + trend at p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001