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Table 7 Regions in which the ARND group had greater activation than the TD group in the subtractive contrast ( P> 0.0167)

From: Comparison of spatial working memory in children with prenatal alcohol exposure and those diagnosed with ADHD; A functional magnetic resonance imaging study

Region Hemisphere Gyrus BA Talairach Coordinates Voxel T Cluster Extent
     X Y Z   
Frontal Left Inferior Frontal 45 −50 37 6 2.76 28
   Inferior Frontal 45 −55 20 16 2.58 22
   Medial Frontal 8 −2 41 38 2.61 14
   Middle Frontal 8 −18 31 41 2.46 33
   Middle Frontal 8 −36 22 45 2.46 12
   Sub-Gyral   −22 45 1 2.98 116
   Superior Frontal   −28 52 1 2.45  
  Right Inferior Frontal 10 44 45 3 3.10 58
   Middle Frontal 10 28 52 21 3.25  
   Middle Frontal 8 34 41 38 3.01 29
   Middle Frontal 9 50 8 38 2.56 13
   Paracentral Lobule 5 8 −36 55 2.31 15
   Sub-Gyral 3 18 −32 55 2.30  
   Superior Frontal 9 10 55 19 3.36  
   Superior Frontal 9 20 43 38 2.59 26
   Superior Frontal 8 2 20 47 3.27 107
  Right Superior Frontal 9 16 39 33 2.28  
Sub-lobar Left Lateral Globus Pallidus   −14 0 0 2.44 14
Limbic Left Anterior Cingulate 32 −10 34 20 3.48 1,318
   Anterior Cingulate 32 −20 37 4 2.58  
   Anterior Cingulate 32 −8 42 −7 2.70 46
  Right Anterior Cingulate 32 6 33 −5 2.68 15
Parietal Left Precuneus 19 −28 −82 35 2.70 23
   Precuneus 7 −2 −64 49 2.65 42
   Precuneus 7 0 −72 46 2.28  
   Superior Parietal Lobule 7 −28 −57 54 2.42 15
  Right Inferior Parietal Lobule 40 40 −50 54 2.56 31
Occipital Right Cuneus 19 22 −86 28 2.72 30
Midbrain Right Red Nucleus   2 −16 −4 3.64 44
  1. ARND, alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder; TD, typically developing.