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Table 8 Regions in which the TD group had greater activation than the ADHD group in the subtractive contrast ( P >0.0167)

From: Comparison of spatial working memory in children with prenatal alcohol exposure and those diagnosed with ADHD; A functional magnetic resonance imaging study

Region Hemisphere Gyrus BA Talairach Coordinates Voxel T Cluster Extent
     X Y Z   
Frontal Left Paracentral Lobule 5 0 −40 54 2.80 60
   Precentral 43 −55 −9 10 3.12 153
  Right Inferior Frontal 44 57 5 15 2.30  
Sub-lobar Left Insula 13 −44 −17 6 2.54  
  Right Insula 13 40 −22 −4 2.56  
   Insula 13 42 −18 25 2.42 44
   Insula 13 38 −24 20 2.39  
   Insula 13 48 6 2 2.36 24
Limbic Left Cingulate 31 −12 −43 28 2.61 30
   Cingulate 31 −16 −46 19 2.49 21
   Posterior Cingulate 30 −10 −62 12 3.25  
  Right Parahippocampal 28 22 −28 −9 3.02 137
Parietal Right Inferior Parietal Lobule 40 63 −28 24 3.66  
   Inferior Parietal Lobule 40 59 −24 31 2.38  
   Postcentral 40 63 −20 21 4.02 205
   Postcentral 43 59 −5 17 3.02 57
   Precuneus 7 8 −57 58 2.72 47
   Precuneus 7 16 −73 50 2.66 28
Temporal Right Fusiform 37 30 −40 −13 3.15 70
   Hippocampus   30 −24 −11 2.92  
   Superior Temporal 41 48 −33 9 2.67 22
Cerebellum Left Culmen   −10 −53 −4 3.29  
   Culmen   −22 −36 −12 2.91 131
   Culmen   −16 −40 −17 2.78  
   Culmen of Vermis   −4 −62 1 3.71 433
  1. ADHD, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; TD, typically developing.