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Table 3 Mean (SD) of testosterone and Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores

From: Perinatal testosterone exposure and autistic-like traits in the general population: a longitudinal pregnancy-cohort study

  Males (N = 184) M (SD) Females (N = 190) M(SD) P value Cohen’sd
Total testosterone (nM/L) 0.49 (0.26) 0.27 (0.15) <.01 1.03
Bioavailable testosterone 0.13 (0.06) 0.08 (0.04) <.01 0.98
AQ original scoring     
Total 15.10 (4.78) 14.70 (5.31) .23 0.08
Social Skills 1.51 (1.67) 1.68 (1.76) .18 0.09
Communication 2.03 (1.57) 1.98 (1.68) .39 0.03
Attention Switching 3.83 (1.90) 3.78 (1.98) .32 0.03
Attention to Detail 5.34 (2.10) 5.24 (1.99) .37 0.05
Imagination 2.39 (1.57) 2.03 (1.48) .01 0.24
AQ alternative scoring     
Total 104.46 (12.23) 102.11 (10.53) .02 0.19
Social Skills 24.66 (5.58) 23.64 (5.85) .04 0.18
Details/Patterns 20.16 (4.63) 18.74 (4.35) <.01 0.32
Communication/Mindreading 15.01 (2.88) 15.42 (3.50) .22 0.12