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Table 5 Individual test scores for children who had specific language impairment at 4 years of age

From: Parental phonological memory contributes to prediction of outcome of late talkers from 20 months to 4 years: a longitudinal study of precursors of specific language impairment

IDa no. 63 158 238 122 143 252 132 355 268 69 195 180 155 323 349
Predicted outcome SLI SLI SLI SLI SLI SLI SLI TD TD TD TD TD TD TD TD
Discriminant score -2.86 -2.49 -1.99 -1.79 -1.68 -1.64 -1.58 -0.84 -0.73 -0.11 -0.02 0.05 0.20 0.23 0.59
Sex Boy Boy Boy Boy Girl Boy Boy Girl Boy Boy Boy Girl Girl Girl Boy
Positive family history 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Parent non-word repetition T1 ss 5 5 10 5 9 12 - 8 12 10 9 10 9 9 13
Block design scaled 9 17 10 10 12 7 12 10 10 12 12 8 15 11 12
Matrices scaled 8 8 8 12 8 10 7 8 10 13 11 8 12 7 7
Language batteryb                
   BAS comprehension 0.92 -0.81 0.10 0.61 -1.17 -2.05 -0.81 -0.61 0.10 0.10 -1.17 0.10 0.92 0.10 -0.81
   BAS naming 1.41 0.20 -0.41 0.61 -0.41 -0.99 -2.33 0.99 -0.10 1.41 -0.41 0.61 1.41 0.61 1.41
   GAPS sentence repetition 0.88 -0.84 -0.47 0.00 0.00 -1.48 -0.47 -0.36 0.28 -0.36 -1.08 2.00 0.28 -1.08 0.28
   GAPS non-word repetition 0.44 -1.41 - -0.44 -1.75 -1.75 -0.95 -1.41 2.00 -1.41 -1.75 -0.44 -0.44 -0.95 2.00
   Bus story information -1.53 -0.67 -1.20 -1.07 -2.20 -1.93 -2.07 -0.07 -2.07 -0.20 -1.33 -1.67 -1.93 -2.20 -2.07
   Bus story sentence length -1.27 -0.87 -0.40 -0.87 -0.40 -1.27 -1.27 0.60 -0.87 1.00 -0.87 0.60 -1.27 -1.80 -1.27
   CCC-2 GCC -0.13 -1.04 -0.03 -1.28 -0.58 -1.08 -0.13 -0.95 -1.64 -1.34 -1.64 0.25 -1.04 - -1.04
   TEGI 3rd singularb 1.00 0.11 0.00 0.43 0.90 0.00 0.63 0.78 1.00 0.50 0.44 0.67 1.00 1.00 0.86
   TEGI past tense 0.67 0.88 0.86 0.94 0.87 0.29 0.72 0.13 0.75 0.89 0.18 0.94 0.88 0.87 1.00
  1. aAbbreviations: BAS, British Ability Scales; CCC-2, Children's Communication Checklist, version 2; GAPS, Grammar and Phonology Screening Test; GCC, general communication composite; ID, identification; SLI, specific language impairment; TD, typical development; TEGI, Test of Early Grammatical Impairment.
  2. bAll data are z-scores, except for TEGI, where scores are proportions.