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Table 2 Brain structure volumes by diagnosis and genotype

From: Testing for association of the monoamine oxidase A promoter polymorphism with brain structure volumes in both autism and the fragile X syndrome

  All subjects Autism only FXS - ASD FXS + ASD
  High Low High Low High Low High Low
  (n = 51) (n = 30) (n = 21) (n = 13) (n = 20) (n = 10) (n = 10) (n = 7)
Total brain volume 1261 ± 96 1330 ± 99 1271 ± 100 1334 ± 88 1246 ± 111 1338 ± 137 1254 ± 88 1315 ± 86
Frontal gray 246 ± 24 261 ± 18 251 ± 24 266 ± 16 238 ± 25 258 ± 23 243 ± 23 255 ± 16
Frontal white 105 ± 11 114 ± 11 107 ± 11 116 ± 8.2 104 ± 15 113 ± 16 104 ± 11 110 ± 8.8
Temporal gray 155 ± 13 165 ± 15 157 ± 13 168 ± 16 151 ± 14 163 ± 17 153 ± 14 162 ± 12
Temporal white 43.4 ± 4.7 46.8 ± 5.5 41.5 ± 3.6 45 ± 4.9 45.2 ± 5.5 47.9 ± 6.3 44.5 ± 4.9 50.9 ± 5.5
Parietal-occipital gray 252 ± 22 265 ± 20 253 ± 25 266 ± 15 249 ± 18 266 ± 32 251 ± 20 262 ± 16
Parietal-occipital white 101 ± 10 108 ± 9.3 103 ± 10 109 ± 8 99 ± 8.9 108 ± 14 99 ± 9.5 106 ± 6.5
  1. Values are adjusted means ± standard deviations in cubic centimeters.