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Table 3 Regions of greater activation for TD subjects than ADHD subjects after conjunction-disjunction subtractive analysis

From: Visual search for feature conjunctions: an fMRI study comparing alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) to ADHD

Region Hemisphere Gyrus BA Talairach coordinates Voxel T Cluster extent
X Y Z
Frontal Left Inferior frontal 13 −36 22 8 3.27 184
Inferior frontal 47 −26 7 −17 2.56 14
Paracentral lobule 5 0 −39 66 2.64 33
Precentral 44 −42 4 9 2.37 12
Right Inferior frontal 45 55 15 20 3.03 103
Medial frontal 6 8 −28 70 2.78 17
Middle frontal 6 34 −3 54 2.72 121
Paracentral lobule 6 2 −30 57 2.59 25
Precentral 6 38 −11 56 3.36 121
Precentral 6 42 −3 55 2.45 121
Precentral 6 40 1 26 3.01 52
Superior frontal 10 20 54 −1 2.64 14
Limbic Left Cingulate 31 −2 −36 26 2.98 114
Right Cingulate 24 4 0 41 2.59 18
Right Cingulate 31 32 −43 26 3.20 24
Parahippocampal 19 40 −41 −3 2.78 22
Parahippocampal 19 26 −45 −3 2.52 15
Temporal Left Fusiform 20 −38 −11 −23 2.50 13
Sub-gyral 21 −44 −10 −11 2.86 270
Superior temporal 22 −57 2 −5 4.10 270
Superior temporal 22 −53 −23 3 2.53 57
Right Inferior temporal 20 48 −9 −21 2.82 101
Middle temporal 21 57 −60 5 4.06 206
Middle temporal 21 61 −10 −6 4.04 69
Middle temporal 21 51 7 −15 2.79 91
Middle temporal 21 38 −1 −23 2.47 101
Middle temporal 21 48 −7 −15 2.45 101
Middle temporal 39 44 −56 6 2.73 206
Middle temporal 39 44 −71 24 3.89 451
Middle temporal 39 46 −75 15 3.25 451
Middle temporal 39 42 −52 15 3.27 568
Sub-gyral 21 40 −3 −12 2.89 198
Superior temporal 22 59 −56 14 2.71 206
Superior temporal 22 51 −6 4 2.80 45
Superior temporal 22 59 2 −3 2.33 45
Superior temporal 38 42 12 −22 3.20 91
Superior temporal 41 57 −17 8 3.09 568
Parietal Left Inferior parietal lobule 40 −63 −36 24 2.93 20
Postcentral 40 −57 −19 18 2.65 23
Precuneus 7 0 −49 39 3.36 56
Right Postcentral 3 20 −33 72 3.39 21
Postcentral 5 6 −45 67 2.78 33
Precuneus 31 4 −53 30 2.66 23
Supramarginal 40 63 −41 30 2.92 36
Occipital Left Lingual 18 −12 −54 3 2.53 15
Middle occipital 18 −20 −86 −9 2.81 30
Middle occipital 19 −36 −83 13 2.83 25
Right Cuneus 18 12 −99 7 2.67 12
Cuneus 30 10 −62 7 2.51 34
Middle occipital 19 53 −64 −4 3.27 451
Sub-lobar Left Caudate: caudate body   −16 −14 21 3.97 101
Caudate: caudate body   −6 20 6 3.38 389
Caudate: caudate tail   −20 −40 15 3.33 49
Claustrum   −38 −11 4 3.30 270
Claustrum   −30 −5 17 2.55 22
Insula 13 −34 −13 17 2.48 22
Lentiform nucleus: medial globus pallidus   −14 −4 0 3.01 115
Thalamus   −18 −7 17 2.62 101
Thalamus   −6 −12 1 2.20 115
Thalamus: pulvinar   −6 −29 12 3.10 103
Right Claustrum   36 −10 −8 3.03 198
Insula 13 51 −34 20 3.11 568
Insula 13 40 −9 6 2.78 198
Lentiform nucleus: lateral globus pallidus   24 −15 6 2.82 84
Lentiform nucleus: putamen   20 −7 15 2.87 389
Thalamus   8 −10 2 2.79 84
Thalamus   18 −14 1 2.50 84
Thalamus: pulvinar   8 −27 11 3.01 103
Thalamus: pulvinar   16 −34 13 2.51 103
Thalamus: ventral lateral nucleus   18 −15 19 3.49 389
Midbrain Left Substantia nigra   −10 −10 −10 2.95 115
Anterior cerebellum Left Cerebellar lingual   −8 −43 −10 2.88 31
Culmen   −18 26 −17 2.90 14
  1. FWE p = 0.0167, corrected for multiple comparisons using cluster size = 12.