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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the subsample, and means and SD for all variables

From: Associations between physical growth and general cognitive functioning in international adoptees from Eastern Europe at 30 months post-arrival

Descriptive statistics
Age at adoption (months) 18.9 (range 8.8–45.6)
Sex (n) Males: 23 Females: 23  
Country of origin (%) Russia: 74 Kazakhstan: 15 Ukraine: 11
  Baseline M (SD) N 6-month follow-up N 30-month follow-up N
Anthropometry (Z-scores)
 Height −1.17 (1.00) 46 −0.48 (0.97)*** 46 0.00 (1.00)*** 46
 Weight −1.60 (1.29) 46 −0.69 (1.10)*** 46 −0.08 (1.09)*** 46
 OFC −1.02 (1.10) 46 −0.50 (1.29))*** 46 −0.46 (1.49) 46
 IGF-1 (SD) −1.09 (1.41) 39 −0.81 (1.51) 39  
 IGFBP-3 (SD) −0.86 (1.02) 41 −0.43 (1.01)** 41  
Mullen Scales of Early Learning (T-scores)
 Visual reception 36.33 (10.85) 42 43.02 (12.51)** 42  
 Fine motor 39.61(10.57) 44 46.20 (12.22)*** 44  
 Receptive language   39.16 (9.57) 45  
 Expressive language   41.07 (9.42) 45  
 Early learning composite standard score   85.87 (15.12) 45  
Stanford-Binet Intelligence scales (standard scores)
 Non-verbal IQ    107.48 (13.38) 46
 Verbal IQ    105.22 (14.92) 46
 Full-scale IQ    106.49 (13.94) 46
  1. Changes in means for anthropometry data and growth factors were compared using paired sample t tests, 6-month follow-up was compared with baseline and 30-month follow-up with 6-month follow-up
  2. **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001