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Table 2 Group means for age, non-verbal intelligence (TONI-4), presence of autism (CARS-2), socio-economic status (parents’ education level), and linguistic ability (CELF-4)

From: Atypical audiovisual word processing in school-age children with a history of specific language impairment: an event-related potential study

  H-SLI TD F p
Age (years; months) 10;0 (0.4) 10;0 (0.4) <1 0.988
TONI-4 106.8 (2.1) 109.3 (2.3) <1 0.43
CARS-2 15.8 (0.3) 15.1 (0.1) 5.199 0.032
Mother’s education (years) 15.4 (0.8) 15.5 (0.5) <1 0.916
Father’s education (years) 13.8 (0.6) 17.1 (0.7) 12.73 0.001
CELF-4
 CF&D 9.6 (0.5) 12.1 (0.4) 13.338 0.001
 RS 7.8 (0.5) 12.1 (0.5) 38.619 <0.001
 FS 9.7 (0.4) 12.8 (0.3) 36.818 <0.001
 WS 9.5 (1.1) 11.4 (0.5) 2.177 0.174
 WC2
  R 11.2 (0.7) 13.6 (0.6) 6.350 0.018
  E 10.5 (0.7) 12.1 (0.5) 3.894 0.060
  T 10.8 (0.7) 13.0 (0.5) 6.436 0.018
CLS 96.2 (2.3) 114.8 (1.8) 40.83 <0.001
  1. Numbers for TONI-4, CARS-2, and the CELF-4 subtests represent standard scores. Numbers in parentheses are standard errors of the mean. P and F values reflect a group comparison
  2. CFD Concepts and Following Directions, RS Recalling Sentences, FS Formulated Sentences, WS Word Structure, WC2 Word Classes, R receptive, E expressive, T total, CLS Core Language Score