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Table 1 Participant demographics

From: A diffusion-weighted imaging tract-based spatial statistics study of autism spectrum disorder in preschool-aged children

 Full SampleMalesFemales
 ASD (n = 127)TD (n = 54)ASD (n = 85)TD (n = 28)ASD (n = 42)TD (n = 26)
Age (months)38.8 (5.6) [25.9–49.6]*36.4 (6.8) [25.1–49.3]*38.8 (5.8) [25.9–49.6]*35.2 (6.6) [25.1–45.0]*38.8 (5.3) [29.5–49.0]37.7 (6.9) [27.9–49.3]
DQ65.39 (21.76) [23–113]**104.95 (11.97) [73–129]**63.33 (20.90) [29–113]**102.69 (11.33) [82–123]**69.57 (23.10) [23–113]**107.39 (12.37) [73–129]**
ADOS7.47 (1.82) [4–10]-7.48 (1.79) [4–10]-7.45 (1.88) [4–10]-
ADI SOC17.00 (4.17) [7–26]-16.69 (4.09) [8–25]-17.64 (4.32) [7–26]-
ADI BEH5.51 (2.12) [0–12]-5.71 (2.16) [0–12]-5.11 (2.01) [1–11]-
ADI COM10.84 (3.2) [1–21]-10.64 (2.97) [4–21]-11.23 (3.66) [1–18]-
RMS Absolute (mm)0.34 (0.14)0.34 (0.12)0.35 (0.15)0.32 (0.11)0.33 (0.12)0.37 (0.13)
RMS Relative (mm)0.37 (0.17)0.34 (0.08)0.37 (0.18)0.33 (0.08)0.37 (0.15)0.36 (0.08)
  1. Note: Participant demographics for full sample, male and female subgroups. Mean (standard deviation) [range]. ASD autism spectrum disorder, TD typical development, DQ Mullen developmental quotient, ADOS autism diagnostic observation schedule calibrated severity score, ADI autism diagnostic interview, SOC social, COM communication, BEH repetitive behavior sub scales, RMS root-mean-square absolute and relative motion. TD controls were not assessed using ADOS or ADI
  2. *Significant difference p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.001