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Table 4 Memory and executive functioning group comparison results

From: Four-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of choline for neurodevelopment in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

Mean (SE) {n} Placebo Choline Statistic Sig. Effect size
Memory
 EI short delay components a 96.1(0.9) {16} 97.8 (0.9) {15} F (1, 30) = 1.89 p = 0.18 PE2 = 0.06
 EI short delay pairs a 63.2 (2.6) {16} 63.8 (2.7) {15} F (1, 30) = 0.29 p = 0.87 PE2 = 0.00
 EI short delay adjacent pairs a 21.3 (3.8) {16} 24.7 (4.0) {15} F (1, 30) = 0.38 p = 0.55 PE2 = 0.13
 NEPSY-II Memory for Names Delayed 6.2 (3.2) {16} 9.1 (4.3) {15} F (1, 30) = 4.75 p = 0.04* d = 0.77
 NEPSY-II Memory for Faces Delayed 8.8 (3.7) {13} 8.7(2.3) {14} F (1, 26) = 0.00 p = 0.96 d = 0.03
 NEPSY-II Narrative Memory 7.8 (3.6) {16} 8.3 (2.4) {15} F (1, 30) = 0.01 p = 0.93 d = 0.16
 NIH Toolbox PSMT 47.4 (13.6) {16} 50.9 (14.2) {15} F (1, 30) = 0.49 p = 0.49 d = 0.25
Executive functioning
 NIH Toolbox DCCST 40.4 (7.5) {15} 44.1 (10.8) {15} F (1, 29) = 1.29 p = 0.27 d = 0.40
 NIH Toolbox Flanker test 39.8 (8.0) {16} 45.6 (9.6) {15} F (1, 30) = 3.32 p = 0.08 d = 0.66
  1. Note: NEPSY-II Narrative Memory score provided is the free and cured recall total score
  2. *significance p <.05
  3. EI elicited imitation, SE standard error, PE2 partial eta squared, d Cohen’s d effect size, DCCST Dimensional Change Card Sort Test, PSMT Picture Sequence Memory Test
  4. Note: EI analyses controlled for baseline EI score (entered as covariates)
  5. a Estimated marginal means are provided