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Table 2 Associations between hydrocephalus and five psychiatric disorders

From: Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study

Condition Hydrocephalus (N=201) Logistic regression adjusted for age and sex Proportion test between groups
Present N Absent N OR 95% CI p-valuea p-value
No psychiatric disease (controls) 40 28,566 1 Reference Reference -
Schizophrenia 13 5229 2.01 (1.00–3.83) 0.5 0.047
Major depressive disorder 40 22,828 1.22 (0.75–1.99) 1.0 <5 ×10−7
Bipolar disorder 3 2297 1.06 (0.25–3.08) 1.0 0.03
Autism spectrum disorder 68 14,586 3.77 (2.48–5.78) <4 × 10−5 Reference
Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder 37 12,864 1.91 (1.20–3.04) 0.07 0.02
  1. aBonferroni corrected for multiple tests (here five)