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Table 1 Subject demographics

From: Maladaptive behaviors are linked with inefficient sleep in individuals with developmental disabilities

Subject Age MR level IQ Medications Maldaptive behaviors
1 47 Profound 15 Olanzapine Banging head, screaming
2 19 Profound 17 Olanzapine Biting others, throwing objects, crying/yelling
3 44 Profound 13 Carbamazepine, Chlorpromazine, Trifluoprazine, Lithium, Diazepam Pinching self
4 34 Severe 24 Carbamazepine, Tegretol, Luvox, Olanzapine Banging face, biting hand
5 42 Profound 14 Divalproex, Mirtazapine Scratching others
6 42 Severe 30 Paroxetine Hitting others, tense body posture
7 37 Severe 23 Haloperidol, Olanzapine, Secobarbitol Hitting others, banging head
8 58 Profound 10 Olanzapine Destroying items
9 45 Severe 30 Haloperidol, Quetiapine Biting/scratching others, crying, slapping hands
10 40 Profound 16 Clonazepam Hitting, kicking and scratching others
11 54 Profound 12 Screaming and pacing
12 46 Mild 51 Olanzapine Hitting others, crying, screaming
13 50 Profound 18 Phenytoin, Clomipramine, Lithium, Risperidone Hitting and scratching others, tearing own clothes
14 34 Mild Divalproex, Phenytoin, Topiramate, Citalopram, Ziprasidone Hitting others, scratching others, cursing
15 40 Profound 12 Haloperidol Pushing, hitting, grabbing others, pulling other’s hair
16 44 Profound 10 Diazepam, Pivalproex, Leviteracetam, Phenobarbitol, Fluoxetine, Olanzapine Banging head, hitting others, head butting
17 35 Severe 34 Olanzapine Banging head, hitting head, kicking self
18 33 Moderate 40 Divalproex Banging arms on hard surfaces, yelling, crying
19 27 Mild 62 Fluoxetine, Quetiapine Striking others
20 40 Severe Paxil, Resperidone, Naltrexone, Olanzapine, Venlafaxine, Tegratol Picking at skin, screaming, pushing others