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Table 2 Performance of the patients with cysts group (n = 22) and the control group (n = 13) at preoperative test 1

From: Intracranial arachnoid cysts: impairment of higher cognitive functions and postoperative improvement

Test Patient groupa Control groupa Statisticsb  
  Mean SD Mean SD F P Eta squared
Color-Word Interference test, STC
Color naming 33.63 6.98 28.15 4.54 9.43 <0.01 0.22
Word reading 25.36 4.7 23.92 4.35 - NS -
Inhibition 69.14 23.45 54.62 16.46 10.03 <0.01 0.23
Inhibition/switching 81.64 25.37 69.31 13.62 9.02 <0.01 0.22
Verbal Fluency test, NWP
Letter fluency 36.27 10.68 55.23 13.31 21.47 <0.01 0.39
Category fluency 37.18 8.08 44.54 6.24 8.53 <0.01 0.21
Category switching 13.27 2.86 17.92 3.5 19.71 <0.01 0.37
Total switching accuracy 12.55 2.94 17 3.39 17.91 <0.01 0.35
Tower test, TAS
Total achievement score 16.73 2.68 24.17 3.74 50.09 <0.01 0.61
  1. aValues for means and SDs are reported in raw scores; bstatistics reported (F, P, eta squared) are according to scaled scores. NS, no significant difference between the groups; NWP, number of words produced in 60 seconds; STC, seconds to complete trial; TAS, total achievement score.