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Table 3 Correlations between visual attention and emotional reactivity

From: Reactivity to fearful expressions of familiar and unfamiliar people in children with autism: an eye-tracking pupillometry study

  Familiar Unfamiliar
  Peak amplitude Peak latency Peak amplitude Peak latency
ASD group     
Neutral face .28 (.18) -.08 (-.07) .20 (.07) .05 (.24)
Neutral eyes .24 (.19) -.09 (-.08) -.08 (-.17) .04 (.12)
Neutral mouth .13 (-.007) .002 (.02) .32 (.29) .17 (.21)
Fearful face .51* (.44*) -.17 (-.17) .18 (.13) -.07 (-.02)
Fearful eyes .64** (.60**) -.34 (-.34) .07 (-.01) -.21 (-.16)
Fearful mouth .07 (-.001) .10 (.11) .27 (.28) .20 (.21)
TD group     
Neutral face .12 (.10) .17 (.11) -.002 (-.005) .25 (.26)
Neutral eyes -.23 (-.23) .09 (.08) -.18 (-.18) .33 (.32)
Neutral mouth .32 (.32) .14 (.06) .11 (.10) .05 (.07)
Fearful face .23 (.22) .43^ (.37) .04 (.03) -.17 (-.16)
Fearful eyes -.16 (-.19) .23 (.17) -.14 (-.15) -.31 (-.30)
Fearful mouth .44* (.44*) .38^ (.33) .24 (.23) .09 (.10)
  1. The visual attention variable was Fixation Counts (100 ms visual attention). Each Fixation Count variable is only correlated with the corresponding familiarity level of Peak Amplitude/Peak Latency (for example, the correlation between Unfamiliar Peak Amplitude and Fear FACE is only Fear FACE on the Unfamiliar condition (not a composite score of the Unfamiliar and Familiar conditions). Face area of interest (AOI) = eye AOI + mouth AOI. The table shows Pearson correlations (two-tailed) between visual attention (fixation counts) and emotional reactivity, as indexed by peak amplitude and peak latency. The r-values for partial correlations, controlling for the effect of cognitive ability (MSEL standard score), are in parentheses, and r-values outside parentheses are without controlling for this effect. Significant correlations (α = .05) are in bold type. **P < .01, *P < .05, ^P < .10.