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Table 3 Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scale—Fifth Edition group comparison results

From: Four-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of choline for neurodevelopment in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

EMMean (SE) Placebo
(n = 16)
Choline
(n = 14)a
Statistic Significance Effect size
Verbal IQ 88.3 (2.8) 90.6 (3.1) F (1, 28) = 0.29 p = 0.60 PE2 = 0.01
Non-Verbal IQ 85.6 (2.1) 92.9 (2.4) F (1, 28) = 5.17 p = 0.03* PE2 = 0.17
Fluid Reasoning 88.1 (3.7) 90.3 (4.1) F (1, 28) = 0.15 p = 0.70 PE2 = 0.01
Knowledge 85.0 (2.3) 87.5 (2.6) F (1, 28) = 0.50 p = 0.49 PE2 = 0.02
Quantitative Reasoning 93.1 (2.1) 92.7 (2.3) F (1, 28) = 0.02 p = 0.90 PE2 = 0.00
Visual-Spatial Processing 91.3 (3.0) 98.3 (3.3) F (1, 28) = 2.38 p = 0.14 PE2 = 0.08
Working Memory 84.0 (2.5) 94.4 (2.8) F (1, 28) = 7.74 p = 0.01* PE2 = 0.23
Full-Scale IQ 86.1 (2.4) 91.1 (2.7) F (1, 28) = 1.86 p = 0.19  
  1. Note: All analyses controlled for baseline cognitive functioning by including the participant’s Mullen Scales of Early Learning Composite score as a covariate
  2. *significance p <.05
  3. EMMean estimated marginal means, SE standard error, PE2 partial eta2 values
  4. aStanford–Binet scores were not obtained from two participants in this group due to time constraints