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  1. Content type: Review

    Working memory is a temporary storage system under attentional control. It is believed to play a central role in online processing of complex cognitive information and may also play a role in social cognition ...

    Authors: Evelien M Barendse, Marc PH Hendriks, Jacobus FA Jansen, Walter H Backes, Paul AM Hofman, Geert Thoonen, Roy PC Kessels and Albert P Aldenkamp

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:14

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  2. Content type: Research

    From a young age the typical development of social functioning relies upon the allocation of attention to socially relevant information, which in turn allows experience at processing such information and thus ...

    Authors: Deborah M Riby, Peter JB Hancock, Nicola Jones and Mary Hanley

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:13

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  3. Content type: Research

    Following from previous work suggesting that neurobehavioral features distinguish fragile X and idiopathic variants of autism, we investigated the relationships between four forms of repetitive behavior (stere...

    Authors: Jason J Wolff, Heather C Hazlett, Amy A Lightbody, Allan L Reiss and Joseph Piven

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:12

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  4. Content type: Research

    Features of the Broad Autism Phenotype (BAP) are disproportionately prevalent in parents of a child with autism, highlighting familial patterns indicative of heritability. It is unclear, however, whether the p...

    Authors: Noah J Sasson, Kristen SL Lam, Morgan Parlier, Julie L Daniels and Joseph Piven

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:11

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  5. Content type: Research

    Death receptor 6 (DR6) is highly expressed in the human brain: it has been shown to induce axon pruning and neuron death via distinct caspases and to mediate axonal degeneration through binding to N-terminal β...

    Authors: Anand Iyer, Jackelien van Scheppingen, Jasper Anink, Ivan Milenkovic, Gabor G Kovács and Eleonora Aronica

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:10

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  6. Content type: Research

    Minocycline is a tetracycline derivative that readily crosses the blood brain barrier and appears to have beneficial effects on neuroinflammation, microglial activation and neuroprotection in a variety of neur...

    Authors: Carlos A Pardo, Ashura Buckley, Audrey Thurm, Li-Ching Lee, Arun Azhagiri, David M Neville and Susan E Swedo

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:9

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  7. Content type: New method

    Hypermethylation of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene FMR1 results in decreased expression of FMR1 protein FMRP, which is the underlying cause of Fragile X syndrome – an incurable neurological disorder char...

    Authors: Gabi Schutzius, Dorothee Bleckmann, Sandra Kapps-Fouthier, Francesco di Giorgio, Bernd Gerhartz and Andreas Weiss

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:8

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  8. Content type: Research

    Maternal alcohol consumption is known to adversely affect fetal neurodevelopment. While it is known that alcohol dose and timing play a role in the cognitive and behavioral changes associated with prenatal alc...

    Authors: Morgan L Kleiber, Katarzyna Mantha, Randa L Stringer and Shiva M Singh

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:6

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  9. Content type: Review

    Neurodevelopmental disorders are classified as diseases that cause abnormal functions of the brain or central nervous system. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders show impaired language and speech abilit...

    Authors: Junlin Li, Guifang Zhao and Xiaocai Gao

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:4

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  10. Content type: Research

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a monogenic disorder associated with cognitive impairments. In order to understand how mutations in the NF1 gene impact brain structure it is essential to characterize in detail ...

    Authors: Inês R Violante, Maria J Ribeiro, Eduardo D Silva and Miguel Castelo-Branco

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:3

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  11. Content type: Research

    An important developmental task is to learn to recognize another person as a source of information and to utilize this information as a method of learning about the surrounding world. This socially guided form...

    Authors: Angela John Thurman and Carolyn B Mervis

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:2

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  12. Content type: Research

    Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability and non-idiopathic autism. Individuals with FXS present with a behavioral phenotype of specific and selective deficits in ...

    Authors: Emily R Owen, Heidi A Baumgartner and Susan M Rivera

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:1

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  13. Content type: Review

    Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are thought to have an inherited form of language impairment that spares other developmental domains. SLI shows strong heritability and recent linkage and assoc...

    Authors: Mabel L Rice

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:27

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  14. Content type: Research

    A previous study reported enhanced psychomotor speed, and subtle but significant cognitive impairments, modulated by age and by mutations in the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene in adult female fragi...

    Authors: Ling M Wong, Naomi J Goodrich-Hunsaker, Yingratana McLennan, Flora Tassone, Danielle Harvey, Susan M Rivera and Tony J Simon

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:26

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  15. Content type: Research

    Increased prenatal testosterone exposure has been hypothesized as a mechanism underlying autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, no studies have prospectively measured prenatal testosterone exposure and ASD....

    Authors: Andrew JO Whitehouse, Eugen Mattes, Murray T Maybery, Cheryl Dissanayake, Michael Sawyer, Rachel M Jones, Craig E Pennell, Jeffrey A Keelan and Martha Hickey

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:25

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  16. Content type: Research

    Williams syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by the deletion of approximately 25 genes at 7q11.23 that involves mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). When using functional magnetic resonan...

    Authors: Jennifer R Pryweller, Suzanne N Avery, Jennifer U Blackford, Elisabeth M Dykens and Tricia A Thornton-Wells

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:24

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  17. Content type: Research

    There is increasing evidence that neurodevelopmental differences in people with Fragile X syndrome (FraX) may be explained by differences in glutamatergic metabolism. Premutation carriers of FraX were original...

    Authors: Brian P Hallahan, Eileen M Daly, Andrew Simmons, Caroline J Moore, Kieran C Murphy and Declan D G Murphy

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:23

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  18. Content type: Research

    Published structural neuroimaging studies of prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) in humans have yielded somewhat inconsistent results, with several studies reporting no significant differences in brain structure b...

    Authors: Florence Roussotte, Lindsay Soderberg, Tamara Warner, Katherine Narr, Catherine Lebel, Marylou Behnke, Fonda Davis-Eyler and Elizabeth Sowell

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:22

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  19. Content type: Review

    The autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) arise from a diverse array of genetic and environmental origins that disrupt the typical developmental trajectory of neural connectivity and synaptogenesis. ASDs are marked...

    Authors: Karli K Watson and Michael L Platt

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:21

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  20. Content type: Editorial

    This thematic series presents theoretical and empirical papers focused on understanding autism from the perspective of reward processing deficits. Although the core symptoms of autism have not traditionally be...

    Authors: Gabriel Dichter and Ralph Adolphs

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:20

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  21. Content type: Review

    This review summarizes evidence of dysregulated reward circuitry function in a range of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders and genetic syndromes. First, the contribution of identifying a core mechani...

    Authors: Gabriel S Dichter, Cara A Damiano and John A Allen

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:19

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  22. Content type: Research

    Exposure to alcohol in utero is a known cause of mental retardation. Although a certain degree of motor impairment is always associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, little is known about the neurobiologi...

    Authors: Andrea De Giorgio, Sara E Comparini, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra and Alberto Granato

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:2

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2016 8:39

  23. Content type: Review

    Most behavioral training regimens in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) rely on reward-based reinforcement strategies. Although proven to significantly increase both cognitive and social outcomes and successfully...

    Authors: Gregor Kohls, Coralie Chevallier, Vanessa Troiani and Robert T Schultz

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:10

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  24. Content type: Research

    Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) typically show impaired eye contact during social interactions. From a young age, they look less at faces than typically developing (TD) children and tend to av...

    Authors: Leigh Sepeta, Naotsugu Tsuchiya, Mari S Davies, Marian Sigman, Susan Y Bookheimer and Mirella Dapretto

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:17

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  25. Content type: Research

    Problems with reward system function have been posited as a primary difficulty in autism spectrum disorders. The current study examined an electrophysiological marker of feedback monitoring, the feedback-relat...

    Authors: James C McPartland, Michael J Crowley, Danielle R Perszyk, Cora E Mukerji, Adam J Naples, Jia Wu and Linda C Mayes

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:16

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  26. Content type: Review

    The combination of economic games and human neuroimaging presents the possibility of using economic probes to identify biomarkers for quantitative features of healthy and diseased cognition. These probes span ...

    Authors: Kenneth T Kishida, Jian Li, Justin Schwind and Pendleton Read Montague

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:14

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  27. Content type: Research

    Efficient effort expenditure to obtain rewards is critical for optimal goal-directed behavior and learning. Clinical observation suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may show dysregul...

    Authors: Cara R Damiano, Joseph Aloi, Michael Treadway, James W Bodfish and Gabriel S Dichter

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:13

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  28. Content type: Research

    Alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) falls under the umbrella of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), but individuals do not demonstrate the facial characteristics associated with fetal alcoho...

    Authors: Krisztina L Malisza, Joan L Buss, R Bruce Bolster, Patricia Dreessen de Gervai, Lindsay Woods-Frohlich, Randy Summers, Christine A Clancy, Albert E Chudley and Sally Longstaffe

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:12

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  29. Content type: Research

    One hypothesis for the social deficits that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is diminished neural reward response to social interaction and attachment. Prior research using established monetary rew...

    Authors: Carissa J Cascio, Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Jessica L Heacock, Cassandra R Newsom, Ronald L Cowan, Margaret M Benningfield, Baxter P Rogers and Aize Cao

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:9

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  30. Content type: Review

    Infant sibling studies have been at the vanguard of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) research over the past decade, providing important new knowledge about the earliest emerging signs of ASD and expanding our u...

    Authors: Craig J Newschaffer, Lisa A Croen, M Daniele Fallin, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Danh V Nguyen, Nora L Lee, Carmen A Berry, Homayoon Farzadegan, H Nicole Hess, Rebecca J Landa, Susan E Levy, Maria L Massolo, Stacey C Meyerer, Sandra M Mohammed, McKenzie C Oliver, Sally Ozonoff…

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:7

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  31. Content type: Research

    Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11.2DS) occurs in approximately 1:4,000 live births with a complex and variable presentation that includes medical, socioemotional and psychological symptoms with intel...

    Authors: Margarita H Cabaral, Elliott A Beaton, Joel Stoddard and Tony J Simon

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:6

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  32. Content type: Research

    Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) results from a 1.5- to 3-megabase deletion on the long arm of chromosome 22 and occurs in approximately 1 in 4000 live births. Previous studies indicate that ch...

    Authors: Heather M Shapiro, Yukari Takarae, Danielle J Harvey, Margarita H Cabaral and Tony J Simon

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:5

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  33. Content type: Research

    There is evidence that impaired metabolism play an important role in the etiology of many neuropsychiatric disorders. Although this has not been investigated to date, several recent studies proposed that nitro...

    Authors: Ghada A Abu Shmais, Laila Y Al-Ayadhi, Abeer M Al-Dbass and Afaf K El-Ansary

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:4

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  34. Content type: Research

    Many children who are late talkers go on to develop normal language, but others go on to have longer-term language difficulties. In this study, we considered which factors were predictive of persistent problem...

    Authors: Dorothy VM Bishop, Georgina Holt, Elizabeth Line, David McDonald, Sarah McDonald and Helen Watt

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:3

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2015 7:16

  35. Content type: Research

    Attention and inhibition are core executive-function deficits in FRagile X syndrome (FXS). This pilot study evaluated the feasibility, reproducibility, and clinical relevance of the KiTAP, a computer-based pic...

    Authors: Andrew Knox, Andrea Schneider, Floridette Abucayan, Crystal Hervey, Christina Tran, David Hessl and Elizabeth Berry-Kravis

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:2

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  36. Content type: Article

    Growing evidence supports the notion that dynamic gene expression, subject to epigenetic control, organizes multiple influences to enable a child to learn to listen and to talk. Here, we review neurobiological...

    Authors: Timothy M. Markman, Alexandra L. Quittner, Laurie S. Eisenberg, Emily A. Tobey, Donna Thal, John K. Niparko and Nae-Yuh Wang

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2011 3:9098

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  37. Content type: Article

    People with Williams syndrome (WS) have been consistently described as showing heightened sociability, gregariousness, and interest in people, in conjunction with an uneven cognitive profile and mild to modera...

    Authors: Daniela Plesa Skwerer, Emily Ammerman, Marie-Christine André, Lucia Ciciolla, Alex B. Fine and Helen Tager-Flusberg

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2011 3:9100

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  38. Content type: Article

    Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability. Although language delays are frequently observed in FXS, neither the longitudinal course of language development nor its ...

    Authors: Elizabeth I. Pierpont, Erica Kesin Richmond, Leonard Abbeduto, Sara T. Kover and W. Ted Brown

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2011 3:9095

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  39. Content type: Article

    This study aims to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to terbutaline and other β2 adrenergic receptor (B2AR) agonists and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The methodology used is a case–con...

    Authors: Lisa A. Croen, Susan L. Connors, Marilyn Matevia, Yinge Qian, Craig Newschaffer and Andrew W. Zimmerman

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2011 3:9093

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  40. Content type: Article

    Stuttering is a common but poorly understood speech disorder. Evidence accumulated over the past several decades has indicated that genetic factors are involved, and genetic linkage studies have begun to ident...

    Authors: Dennis Drayna and Changsoo Kang

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2011 3:9090

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  41. Content type: Article

    Turner syndrome (TS) is one of the most common sex chromosome abnormalities. Affected individuals often show a unique pattern of cognitive strengths and weaknesses and are at increased risk for a number of oth...

    Authors: Rebecca Christine Knickmeyer and Marsha Davenport

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2011 3:9089

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