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  1. Content type: Research

    Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex neurogenetic disorder with symptoms that indicate not only hypothalamic, but also a global, central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. However, little is known about dev...

    Authors: Akvile Lukoshe, Tonya White, Marcus N Schmidt, Aad van der Lugt and Anita C Hokken-Koelega

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:31

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  2. Content type: Research

    Efforts to uncover the risk genotypes associated with the familial nature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have had limited success. The study of extended pedigrees, incorporating additional ASD-related pheno...

    Authors: Joseph Piven, Veronica J Vieland, Morgan Parlier, Ann Thompson, Irene O’Conner, Mark Woodbury-Smith, Yungui Huang, Kimberly A Walters, Bridget Fernandez and Peter Szatmari

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:30

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  3. Content type: Research

    Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a rare, severe, persistent pediatric motor speech disorder with associated deficits in sensorimotor, cognitive, language, learning and affective processes. Among other neur...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Worthey, Gordana Raca, Jennifer J Laffin, Brandon M Wilk, Jeremy M Harris, Kathy J Jakielski, David P Dimmock, Edythe A Strand and Lawrence D Shriberg

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:29

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  4. Content type: Review

    Eye tracking has the potential to characterize autism at a unique intermediate level, with links ‘down’ to underlying neurocognitive networks, as well as ‘up’ to everyday function and dysfunction. Because it i...

    Authors: Terje Falck-Ytter, Sven Bölte and Gustaf Gredebäck

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:28

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  5. Content type: Research

    Originally described as a disorder of childhood, evidence now demonstrates the lifelong nature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite the increase of the population over age 65, older adults with ASD remai...

    Authors: Dmitry Kats, Leslie Payne, Morgan Parlier and Joseph Piven

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:27

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  6. Content type: Research

    Broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a milder expression of the social and communication impairments seen in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). While prior studies characterized the BAP in unaffected family members o...

    Authors: Christina R Maxwell, Julia Parish-Morris, Olivia Hsin, Jennifer C Bush and Robert T Schultz

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:25

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  7. Content type: Review

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex and heterogeneous developmental disorders involving multiple neural system dysfunctions. In an effort to understand neurophysiological substrates, identif...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Jamie Barstein, Lauren E Ethridge, Matthew W Mosconi, Yukari Takarae and John A Sweeney

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:24

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  8. Content type: Research

    Fragile X syndrome is caused by the loss of FMRP expression due to methylation of the FMR1 promoter. Treatment of fragile X syndrome patients’ lymphoblastoid cells with 5-azadeoxycytidine results in demethylation...

    Authors: Cornelia Brendel, Benjamin Mielke, Merle Hillebrand, Jutta Gärtner and Peter Huppke

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:23

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  9. Content type: Research

    The profile of cognitive and behavioral variation observed in individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common known cause of inherited intellectual impairment, suggests aberrant functioning of speci...

    Authors: Jennifer Lynn Bruno, Elizabeth Walter Shelly, Eve-Marie Quintin, Maryam Rostami, Sweta Patnaik, Daniel Spielman, Dirk Mayer, Meng Gu, Amy A Lightbody and Allan L Reiss

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:20

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  10. Content type: Research

    Intracranial arachnoid cysts have been shown to yield cognitive impairment over a range of basic mental functions, and these functions normalize after surgical cyst decompression. We wanted to investigate whet...

    Authors: Priyanthi B Gjerde, Marit Schmid, Åsa Hammar and Knut Wester

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:21

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  11. Content type: Research

    Down’s syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability. People with DS are at an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) compared to the general population. Neuroimaging studies of...

    Authors: Diane Mullins, Eileen Daly, Andrew Simmons, Felix Beacher, Catherine ML Foy, Simon Lovestone, Brian Hallahan, Kieran C Murphy and Declan G Murphy

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:19

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  12. Content type: Research

    Maladaptive behavior has been reported as a phenotypical feature in Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS). It severely limits social adaptation and the quality of life of children and adults with the syndrome. Different...

    Authors: Joseba Jauregi, Virginie Laurier, Pierre Copet, Maithé Tauber and Denise Thuilleaux

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:18

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  13. Content type: Research

    Adverse intrauterine circumstances can result in abnormal brain development, and can contribute to many neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy and cognitive and behavioral deficits. These neurological p...

    Authors: Keumyoung So, Yoonyoung Chung, Hyunyoung Lee, Eunyoung Kim and Yonghyun Jeon

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:17

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  14. Content type: Research

    The dimensional approach to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) considers ASD as the extreme of a dimension traversing through the entire population. We explored the potential utility of electroencephalography (EEG...

    Authors: Pablo Barttfeld, Lucía Amoruso, Joaquín Ais, Sebastián Cukier, Luz Bavassi, Ailin Tomio, Facundo Manes, Agustín Ibanez and Mariano Sigman

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:16

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  15. Content type: Research

    Several proteins involved in epigenetic regulation cause syndromic neurodevelopmental disorders when human genes are mutated. More general involvement of epigenetic mechanisms in neurodevelopmental phenotypes ...

    Authors: Kimberly A Aldinger, Jasmine T Plummer and Pat Levitt

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:15

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  16. Content type: Review

    Working memory is a temporary storage system under attentional control. It is believed to play a central role in online processing of complex cognitive information and may also play a role in social cognition ...

    Authors: Evelien M Barendse, Marc PH Hendriks, Jacobus FA Jansen, Walter H Backes, Paul AM Hofman, Geert Thoonen, Roy PC Kessels and Albert P Aldenkamp

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:14

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  17. Content type: Research

    From a young age the typical development of social functioning relies upon the allocation of attention to socially relevant information, which in turn allows experience at processing such information and thus ...

    Authors: Deborah M Riby, Peter JB Hancock, Nicola Jones and Mary Hanley

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:13

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  18. Content type: Research

    Following from previous work suggesting that neurobehavioral features distinguish fragile X and idiopathic variants of autism, we investigated the relationships between four forms of repetitive behavior (stere...

    Authors: Jason J Wolff, Heather C Hazlett, Amy A Lightbody, Allan L Reiss and Joseph Piven

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:12

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  19. Content type: Research

    Features of the Broad Autism Phenotype (BAP) are disproportionately prevalent in parents of a child with autism, highlighting familial patterns indicative of heritability. It is unclear, however, whether the p...

    Authors: Noah J Sasson, Kristen SL Lam, Morgan Parlier, Julie L Daniels and Joseph Piven

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:11

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  20. Content type: Research

    Death receptor 6 (DR6) is highly expressed in the human brain: it has been shown to induce axon pruning and neuron death via distinct caspases and to mediate axonal degeneration through binding to N-terminal β...

    Authors: Anand Iyer, Jackelien van Scheppingen, Jasper Anink, Ivan Milenkovic, Gabor G Kovács and Eleonora Aronica

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:10

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  21. Content type: Research

    Minocycline is a tetracycline derivative that readily crosses the blood brain barrier and appears to have beneficial effects on neuroinflammation, microglial activation and neuroprotection in a variety of neur...

    Authors: Carlos A Pardo, Ashura Buckley, Audrey Thurm, Li-Ching Lee, Arun Azhagiri, David M Neville and Susan E Swedo

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:9

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  22. Content type: New method

    Hypermethylation of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene FMR1 results in decreased expression of FMR1 protein FMRP, which is the underlying cause of Fragile X syndrome – an incurable neurological disorder char...

    Authors: Gabi Schutzius, Dorothee Bleckmann, Sandra Kapps-Fouthier, Francesco di Giorgio, Bernd Gerhartz and Andreas Weiss

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:8

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  23. Content type: Research

    Maternal alcohol consumption is known to adversely affect fetal neurodevelopment. While it is known that alcohol dose and timing play a role in the cognitive and behavioral changes associated with prenatal alc...

    Authors: Morgan L Kleiber, Katarzyna Mantha, Randa L Stringer and Shiva M Singh

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:6

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  24. Content type: Review

    Neurodevelopmental disorders are classified as diseases that cause abnormal functions of the brain or central nervous system. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders show impaired language and speech abilit...

    Authors: Junlin Li, Guifang Zhao and Xiaocai Gao

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:4

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  25. Content type: Research

    An important developmental task is to learn to recognize another person as a source of information and to utilize this information as a method of learning about the surrounding world. This socially guided form...

    Authors: Angela John Thurman and Carolyn B Mervis

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:2

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  26. Content type: Research

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a monogenic disorder associated with cognitive impairments. In order to understand how mutations in the NF1 gene impact brain structure it is essential to characterize in detail ...

    Authors: Inês R Violante, Maria J Ribeiro, Eduardo D Silva and Miguel Castelo-Branco

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:3

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  27. Content type: Research

    Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability and non-idiopathic autism. Individuals with FXS present with a behavioral phenotype of specific and selective deficits in ...

    Authors: Emily R Owen, Heidi A Baumgartner and Susan M Rivera

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2013 5:1

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  28. Content type: Review

    Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are thought to have an inherited form of language impairment that spares other developmental domains. SLI shows strong heritability and recent linkage and assoc...

    Authors: Mabel L Rice

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:27

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  29. Content type: Research

    A previous study reported enhanced psychomotor speed, and subtle but significant cognitive impairments, modulated by age and by mutations in the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene in adult female fragi...

    Authors: Ling M Wong, Naomi J Goodrich-Hunsaker, Yingratana McLennan, Flora Tassone, Danielle Harvey, Susan M Rivera and Tony J Simon

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:26

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  30. Content type: Research

    Increased prenatal testosterone exposure has been hypothesized as a mechanism underlying autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, no studies have prospectively measured prenatal testosterone exposure and ASD....

    Authors: Andrew JO Whitehouse, Eugen Mattes, Murray T Maybery, Cheryl Dissanayake, Michael Sawyer, Rachel M Jones, Craig E Pennell, Jeffrey A Keelan and Martha Hickey

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:25

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  31. Content type: Research

    Williams syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by the deletion of approximately 25 genes at 7q11.23 that involves mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). When using functional magnetic resonan...

    Authors: Jennifer R Pryweller, Suzanne N Avery, Jennifer U Blackford, Elisabeth M Dykens and Tricia A Thornton-Wells

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:24

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  32. Content type: Research

    There is increasing evidence that neurodevelopmental differences in people with Fragile X syndrome (FraX) may be explained by differences in glutamatergic metabolism. Premutation carriers of FraX were original...

    Authors: Brian P Hallahan, Eileen M Daly, Andrew Simmons, Caroline J Moore, Kieran C Murphy and Declan D G Murphy

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:23

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  33. Content type: Research

    Published structural neuroimaging studies of prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) in humans have yielded somewhat inconsistent results, with several studies reporting no significant differences in brain structure b...

    Authors: Florence Roussotte, Lindsay Soderberg, Tamara Warner, Katherine Narr, Catherine Lebel, Marylou Behnke, Fonda Davis-Eyler and Elizabeth Sowell

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:22

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  34. Content type: Review

    The autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) arise from a diverse array of genetic and environmental origins that disrupt the typical developmental trajectory of neural connectivity and synaptogenesis. ASDs are marked...

    Authors: Karli K Watson and Michael L Platt

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:21

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  35. Content type: Editorial

    This thematic series presents theoretical and empirical papers focused on understanding autism from the perspective of reward processing deficits. Although the core symptoms of autism have not traditionally be...

    Authors: Gabriel Dichter and Ralph Adolphs

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:20

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  36. Content type: Review

    This review summarizes evidence of dysregulated reward circuitry function in a range of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders and genetic syndromes. First, the contribution of identifying a core mechani...

    Authors: Gabriel S Dichter, Cara A Damiano and John A Allen

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:19

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  37. Content type: Research

    Exposure to alcohol in utero is a known cause of mental retardation. Although a certain degree of motor impairment is always associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, little is known about the neurobiologi...

    Authors: Andrea De Giorgio, Sara E Comparini, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra and Alberto Granato

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:2

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2016 8:39

  38. Content type: Review

    Most behavioral training regimens in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) rely on reward-based reinforcement strategies. Although proven to significantly increase both cognitive and social outcomes and successfully...

    Authors: Gregor Kohls, Coralie Chevallier, Vanessa Troiani and Robert T Schultz

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:10

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  39. Content type: Research

    Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) typically show impaired eye contact during social interactions. From a young age, they look less at faces than typically developing (TD) children and tend to av...

    Authors: Leigh Sepeta, Naotsugu Tsuchiya, Mari S Davies, Marian Sigman, Susan Y Bookheimer and Mirella Dapretto

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:17

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  40. Content type: Research

    Problems with reward system function have been posited as a primary difficulty in autism spectrum disorders. The current study examined an electrophysiological marker of feedback monitoring, the feedback-relat...

    Authors: James C McPartland, Michael J Crowley, Danielle R Perszyk, Cora E Mukerji, Adam J Naples, Jia Wu and Linda C Mayes

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:16

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  41. Content type: Review

    The combination of economic games and human neuroimaging presents the possibility of using economic probes to identify biomarkers for quantitative features of healthy and diseased cognition. These probes span ...

    Authors: Kenneth T Kishida, Jian Li, Justin Schwind and Pendleton Read Montague

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:14

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  42. Content type: Research

    Efficient effort expenditure to obtain rewards is critical for optimal goal-directed behavior and learning. Clinical observation suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may show dysregul...

    Authors: Cara R Damiano, Joseph Aloi, Michael Treadway, James W Bodfish and Gabriel S Dichter

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:13

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  43. Content type: Research

    Alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) falls under the umbrella of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), but individuals do not demonstrate the facial characteristics associated with fetal alcoho...

    Authors: Krisztina L Malisza, Joan L Buss, R Bruce Bolster, Patricia Dreessen de Gervai, Lindsay Woods-Frohlich, Randy Summers, Christine A Clancy, Albert E Chudley and Sally Longstaffe

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:12

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  44. Content type: Research

    One hypothesis for the social deficits that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is diminished neural reward response to social interaction and attachment. Prior research using established monetary rew...

    Authors: Carissa J Cascio, Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Jessica L Heacock, Cassandra R Newsom, Ronald L Cowan, Margaret M Benningfield, Baxter P Rogers and Aize Cao

    Citation: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2012 4:9

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